Tag Archives: animal research

Animal Testing – numbers and facts


ANIMAL TESTING

Animal testing,also known as animal experimentation, animal research, and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments.

Millions are killed yearly and not a single one of these animal tests has ever been formally proved to be relevant to or able to accurately predict human health effects.

DID YOU KNOW?

Pesticides must be tested on dogs, who are shoved into “inhalation chambers” where they try in vain to escape the deadly poisons that are pumped in.

DEALERS

Animals used by laboratories are largely supplied by specialist dealers.

Sources differ for vertebrate and invertebrate animals. Most laboratories breed and raise flies and worms themselves, using strains and mutants supplied from a few main stock centers.

For vertebrates, sources include :

*breeders who supply purpose-bred animals;

*businesses that trade in  animals;

*dealers who supply animals sourced from pounds, auctions, and
newspaper /web ads.

100 million animals yearly worldwide

Worldwide it is estimated that the number of vertebrate animals—from zebrafish to non-human primates—ranges from the tens of millions to more than 100 million used annually.

115 million animals are used in laboratory experiments around the world each year – animal experimentation is an industry without borders.

Sources of laboratory animals vary between countries and species; most animals are purpose-bred, while others are caught in the wild or supplied by dealers who obtain them from auctions and pounds.

WHERE

The research is conducted inside universities, medical schools, pharmaceutical companies, farms, defense establishments, and commercial facilities that provide animal-testing services to industry.

It includes pure research such as
academic, university research
pharmaceutical, new drugs are tested on animals
industrial,
chemicals,
drugs,
vaccines,
food,
genetics,
developmental biology,
behavioral studies,
biomedical research,
xenotransplantation,
behavioral research,
drug testing ,
toxicology tests,
cosmetics testing.
Animals are also used for education, breeding, and defense research.

Research is usually carried out in the pharmaceutical industry, or by universities in commercial partnerships.

The practice is regulated to various degrees in different countries.


USA

The United States military has a long history of conducting cruel animal experiments.

Each year, approximately 342,000 primates, dogs, pigs, goats, sheep, rabbits, cats, and other animals are hurt and killed by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) in experiments that rank among the most painful conducted in this country. The cost to taxpayers for these military experiments is estimated to be in excess of $225 million annually.

Top Secret

Military testing is classified “top secret,” and it is very hard to get information about it.

From published research, we do know that armed forces facilities all over the United States test all manner of weaponry on animals, from Soviet AK-47 rifles to biological and chemical warfare agents to nuclear blasts.

—- beagles were exposed to total-body irradiation, studied for one to seven days, and then killed. The experimenter concluded that radiation affects the gallbladder————

Wound Labs

The Department of Defense has operated “wound labs” since 1957 to train medics and soldiers in how to treat traumatic injuries.
At these sites, animals―who are sometimes conscious or semiconscious―are suspended from slings and shot with high-powered weapons to inflict battle-like injuries for military surgical practice.

In 1983, in response to public pressure, Congress limited the use of dogs and cats in these training exercises. PETA is now demanding that the military stop shooting, burning, mutilating, poisoning, and killing thousands of goats, pigs, and monkeys in similar exercises every year.

In 2006, a Navy corpsman told The New York Times that instructors “shot [his pig] twice in the face with a 9-millimeter pistol, and then six times with an AK-47 and then twice with a 12-gauge shotgun. And then he was set on fire.”

In 2008, the San Antonio Express-News described a trauma course in which 990 living goats had their legs broken and amputated: “Instructor Armand Fermin places a tree trimmer over a joint in the leg, closes it, applies pressure and a ‘crack’ echoes inside the dimly lit tent at Fort Sam Houston.”

Internal military documents obtained by PETA through Freedom of Information Act requests show that monkeys were exposed to chemical-weapon nerve-agent stimulants, after which an Army medic compared his monkey’s apparently painful reaction during the exercise to “a chiwawa [sic] shitting razor blades.”

PAIN AND STRESS

The idea that animals might not feel pain as human beings feel it traces back to the 17th-century French philosopher, René Descartes, who argued that animals do not experience pain and suffering because they lack consciousness.

ANIMAL TESTING IN EUROPE

Animal Testing occurs regularly throughout the European Union (EU). While it occurs more frequently in areas such as the United Kingdom (UK), France and Germany, animal testing still plays a large role in research and drug development around Europe.

European Statistics for Animal Testing

European statistics showed that

France used 2.3 million animals in 2005

Germany used 1.8 million animals in that same year

UK statistics showed that

France used 2.3 million animals!

Germany used 2.4 million animals!

While Finland and Ireland both decreased their use of animals.

Sweden, Spain and Greece all increased their use of animals, either doubling or near-doubling their use.

UNITED STATES, NUMBERS

Each year in the United States, an estimated 70 million animals are maimed, blinded, scalded, force-fed chemicals, genetically manipulated, and otherwise hurt and killed in the name of science, by private institutions, household product and cosmetics companies, government agencies, educational institutions, and scientific centers.

Substances we use everyday, such as eye shadow, soap, furniture polish and oven cleaner, may be tested on rats, rabbits, guinea pigs, dogs, cats, and other animals.

These tests are mainly used to test the degree of harmfulness of products and their ingredients. No antidoes are ever sought, so animal tests cannot be used to prevent or treat potential human injuries.

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